Focaccia recipes are simple, as you would expect from a basic home-style bread. The base recipe seldom includes more than flour, salt, water, yeast, a small amount of sugar and olive oil. One basic representative of focaccia bread recipes can be found elsewhere on this site.
You can vary the base recipe to produce other versions of focaccia bread. Herb focaccia bread can be made by adding herbs to taste during the mixing stage. A suggested blend, popular with many, would be a mix of 1/4 cup chopped parsley and 3 tablespoons of fresh chopped rosemary or fresh oregano. These would be tossed together, reserving a few tablespoons to be sprinkled on the top of the loaf after shaping but before drizzling with olive oil.
Another variant is cheese focaccia. This offers a wide range of possibilities, from a very Italian loaf made with parmesan and mozzarella, to an all-American cheddar focaccia. This focaccia recipe is simple: a 1/2 cup of coarsely grated cheese kneaded very lightly into the dough just before shaping the loaf, and a 1/4 cup more added as a topper, replacing the olive oil. The Italian version would use the parmesan in the dough and mozzarella as the sprinkler. The cheddar version would use a total of 3/4 cup cheddar split between the dough and the topping. A useful trick to intensify cheese flavor is to add several drops of pepper sauce, such as Tabasco or Sriracha, to the liquids in a recipe. However, if you use this trick be sure to wash your hands very well after kneading.
An olive focaccia recipe presents many options for variation. Whether you choose black or green, kalamata or garlic, there’s plenty of room to play. One cup of coarsely chopped, well-drained olives kneaded in right before shaping the loaf will result in a hearty bread jammed with tasty olive chunks. If you feel bold, you can experiment with artisan olive oil pressings in the dough, matching the olive oil to the flavor of your chosen olives. All three of these focaccia bread recipes are easy to make.